global lingua franca. The epic poem Beowulf is written in West Saxon, and the earliest English poem, Cædmon's Hymn, is written in Northumbrian. While discourse markers are particularly characteristic of informal and spoken registers of English, they are also used in written and formal registers. In spite of the idiomatic meaning, some grammarians, including Huddleston Pullum (2002 :274 do not consider this type of construction to form a syntactic constituent and hence refrain from using the term "phrasal verb". Some languages, such as Chinese, write words borrowed from English mostly as calques, while others, such as Japanese, readily take in English loanwords written in sound-indicating script. Non-native varieties of English are widely used for international communication, and speakers of one such variety often encounter features of other varieties. "Summary by language size". Regular plural formation: Singular: cat, dog Plural: cats, dogs Irregular plural formation: Singular: man, woman, foot, fish, ox, knife, mouse Plural: men, women, feet, fish, oxen, knives, mice Possession can be expressed either by the possessive enclitic - s (also. In Lanehart, Sonja.
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Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics. Australian and New Zealand English stand out for their innovative vowels: many short vowels are fronted or raised, whereas many long vowels have diphthongised. 13 English is the most commonly spoken language in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, Ireland and New Zealand, and it is widely spoken in some areas of the Caribbean, Africa and South Asia. "Spelling Reform Proposals: English". An infinitive form, that uses the plain form of the verb and the preposition to, is used for verbal clauses that are syntactically subordinate to a finite verbal clause. Prepositions have a wide range of uses in English.
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||Retrieved uman Development in India: Challenges for a Society in Transition (PDF). English has also borrowed many words directly from Latin, the ancestor of the Romance languages, during all stages of its development. The Sources for the period: Angles, Saxons, and Jutes on the Continent". In Brown, Keith (ed.).
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||The influence of English comes from such factors as opinion leaders in other countries knowing the English language, the role of English as a world lingua franca, and the large number of books and films that are translated from English into other languages. Contents Classification English is an Indo-European language and belongs to the West Germanic group of the Germanic languages. You you your yours yourselves 3rd. English is also widely used in media and literature, and the number of English language books published annually in India is the third largest in the world after the US and. Formation of new words, called neologisms, based on Greek and/or Latin roots (for example television or optometry ) is a highly productive process in English and in most modern European languages, so much so that it is often difficult.
By the time of the foundation of the United Nations at the end of World War II, English had become pre-eminent and is now the main worldwide language of diplomacy and international relations. However English is rarely spoken as a first language, numbering only around a couple hundred-thousand people, and less than 5 of the population speak fluent English in India. English inflectional forms Inflection Strong Regular Plain present take love 3rd person. Great Britain that later took their name,. The spread of RP (also known as BBC English) through the media has caused many traditional dialects of rural England to recede, as youths adopt the traits of the prestige variety instead of traits from local dialects. That is exactly what I mean where that refers to some fact known to both interlocutors, or then used to locate the time of a narrated event relative to the time of a previously narrated event). Today this distinction is less clear, and many speakers use - s also with inanimates.
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Grammar Main article: English grammar As is typical of an Indo-European language, English follows accusative morphosyntactic alignment. Separate from GA are American dialects with clearly distinct sound systems, historically including Southern American English, English of the escort kvinnor sexiga underkläder xl
coastal Northeast (famously including Eastern New England English and New York City English and African American Vernacular English, all of which are historically non-rhotic. "Chapter 2: The Old English Language". An example of this is H-dropping, which was historically a feature of lower-class London English, particularly Cockney, and can now be heard in the local accents of most parts of Englandyet it remains largely absent in broadcasting and among the upper crust of British society. With the dog, for my friend, to school, in England. Retrieved Lay summary (6 February 2015). Digraphs used to represent phonemes and phoneme sequences include ch for /t sh for th for / or ng for qu for /kw and ph for /f/ in Greek-derived words. The personal interrogative pronoun who is the only interrogative pronoun to still show inflection for case, with the variant whom serving as the objective case form, although this form may be going out of use in many contexts. "English Language Imperialism: Points of View". In Bailey, Richard.; Görlach, Manfred (eds.). Vocabulary See also: Foreign language influences in English English is a rich language in terms of vocabulary, containing more synonyms than any other language. There are exceptions to these generalisations, often the result of loanwords being spelled according to the spelling patterns of their languages of origin or proposals by pedantic scholars in the early period of Modern English to mistakenly follow the. 64 English is the largest language by number of speakers. "English phonology and linguistic theory: an introduction to issues, and to 'Issues in English Phonology. The countries where English is spoken can be grouped into different categories according to how English is used in each country. Consonants Main article: English phonology Consonants Most English dialects share the same 24 consonant phonemes. There are different L2 varieties that differ based on the native language of the speakers. 59 Some changes, such as the use of do-support have become universalised. Gimson's Pronunciation of English (8th.). In the Middle English period, the use of regional dialects in writing proliferated, and dialect traits were even used for effect by authors such as Chaucer. Lay summary (4 February 2015).